2023 Stanford Prison Experiment: The Role You Take On

Narrator: The way an individual behaves varies with the social context. Different situations require people play different, sometimes conflicting, roles. These demands can produce responses that may be surprising. They can elicit the best or the worst from people. Dr. Philip Zimbardo is a Professor of Psychology at Stanford University. Ass a social psychologist he’s been studying how the roles we play shape our behaviors and attitudes. In 1971 Dr. Zimbardo conducted a classic study on the psychology of imprisonment which has become known as the Stanford Prison Experiment. The results of this experiment serve as a dramatic illustration of how the power of the situation can influence human behavior.

Dr. Zimbardo: So the Stanford Prison Experiment is about to begin. We’re now ready to take in our first prisoners. And they come down here to the basement of the Psychology Department where we constructed our mock prison. We put prison doors on each of three offices with steel bars. This is the yard where all of the action took place. That closet is a small area which is solitary confinement area that prisoners were stuck in for hours or longer and essentially this is our prison. The students who were participants in this study we recruited by putting ads in the local newspapers. “Wanted: Subjects for study on prison life, $15 a day for it for a two week study.” We probably got 100 calls is screened out some, and we ended up interviewing

70 individuals. We gave them in-depth interviews, a battery of five psychological tests, and we ended up taking two dozen of the most normal most healthy students we could find. That is, they had to be at least average on every one and any of these psychological dimensions. And in our interviews that Craig Haney and Curt Banks—they were graduate students then—did the interviews. And they had—their judgment was these are, you know, ordinary normal college students. By a flip of a coin we randomly assigned them to the two experimental conditions: guard versus prisoner. But at the beginning of the study there was no systematic difference between the 12 boys who in the guard position and the 12 boys who were in the prison condition. And that really is a very important distinction. And then we told the boys were going to be prisoners—they didn’t know what condition they were in initially—we told the boys that were going to be prisoners, you know, wait at home and tell us where you’ll be on Saturday and Sunday and we’ll get in touch with you. The boys that were going to be guards, we told them to come down on Saturday, come back on Saturday, because we wanted them to feel it was their prison that the prisoners are coming into. So what we did was out of how we told him a little bit about the

study and then we said before we go on further, let’s all go get uniforms and went to an Army-Navy surplus store and each one picked out his own uniform. Essentially they were, you know, military style uniforms, the khaki uniforms, and they were each given Billy clubs to use that they were supposed to be used symbolically. That is, touching somebody with the club was the equivalent hitting them. They kept forgetting that symbolic thing. And then a critical thing was they wore silver reflecting sunglasses and the idea was this again promoted the deindividuation that you can’t see somebody’s eyes, they lose their humanity. And so when you look at— instead of looking at the person’s eyes, you’re seeing yourself reflected. And then they had whistles that they would blow either to wake up prisoners or stop some problem.

Guard #1: Everybody up. Well, gentlemen, here it is, time for count.

Dr. Zimbardo: Prisoners would often be forced to wake two or three times a night with these blasting whistles in their ears. And what we told the guards simply is this a study on the psychology of imprisonment. They thought we were really interested only in the prisoners, so they didn’t think they were they thought they were really part of the staff. They didn’t really know we were observing them as well. And we said your job simply is to maintain law and order, not to use physical violence. Use symbolic violence. If the prisoners escape then, you know, the study is over.

Narrator: At the beginning of what was planned as a two-week experiment, the basement of the psychology building took on the appearance of a real prison. This simulated environment was created in consultation with people familiar with the real prison environment: Carlo Prescott—a former inmate who had served 17 years for armed robbery—a prison chaplain, a public defender, former guards and others. Prisoners were arrested at their dormitories or residences, searched. read their rights, taken in the custody, and fingerprinted. In other words, they were treated like real criminals. Prisoners were blindfolded when they entered the staging area so they would have no idea where they were. They were given ankle chains, prison smocks, and stocking caps, and assigned numbers to replace their names. They were ordered to refer to the guards as “Mr. Correctional Officer.” These measures were designed to take away their sense of individuality. The guards’ only instruction was to maintain law and order without using physical violence. In short order this led to harsh treatment of the prisoners

as they were routinely rousted out of bed at all hours of the night him, forced to perform meaningless exercises and other humiliating tasks in what became a routine of arbitrary and sadistic harassment. At first the prisoners challenged the authority of the guards and rebelled. The guards reacted by employing both physical and psychological measures to control every aspect of the prisoners lives. Within a few days what began as playing of a role had changed the players. The illusion became reality. Normal, healthy students were transformed into either sadistic guards or passive, pathological prisoners. Role-playing shaped both guards’ and prisoners’ attitudes towards others and themselves. As a result five prisoners were released early due to extreme emotional distress symptoms and the study, which was originally intended to run for two weeks, had to be terminated after only six days. During the course of the experiment, various groups of visitors were invited to look in on the prison. Visitation days were arranged and prisoners were allowed to talk to relatives, friends, a former prison chaplain, and a public defender. Parole hearings were conducted with a mock parole board. Every effort was made to simulate the totality of the prison experience.

Dr. Zimbardo: Anybody who sees the study will say “I would not have done that; I would have been a rebellious prisoner. I would’ve been a good humane guard.” And they’re all wrong because that’s a self-serving bias. We all like to think in any situation described “I wouldn’t have done that. If I was in Nazi Germany and I was an SS guard, I wouldn’t have been cruel to the Jews,” and the reality is, well, how does that explain why virtually all of our prisoners, all of our guards did this. We want to believe that we are good and we maintain that illusion as long as were not in the situation. And so that’s why simply describing a situation, asking people to imagine how they would behave, tells you nothing about the reality. Creating a situation, putting people in and saying, okay now here’s your chance to see. And what you see is the power of the situation, the subtle power that being in a— being a teacher versus a student, being a prisoner versus a guard—the power of rules, an arbitrary thing which says that you can’t do this, you should have to do this at this time and place. The power of uniforms, the power of the physical environment.

Prisoners: Prisoner 819 did a bad thing. Prisoner 819 did a bad thing.

Dr. Zimbardo: The study was clearly unethical in that people suffered. in many cases the guards went beyond symbolic abuse to physical abuse. In

fact, you know, I just noticed on this uniform here are bloodstains, in some cases from being hit with a stick or from the chains. And, you know, I did my best to minimize the violence but I could not be there 24 hours a day and night. In fact, the worst abuses took place late at night when the guards thought or knew I was asleep in the superintendent ‘s office. So the question is who would you want to protect your rights if you’re a prisoner? Well, I would want my mother, or my father, or my brother, or my girlfriend, or a Catholic priest or a public defender or a psychologist, you know, not connected to this, or a secretary. Ordinary people. But they were all there and they did nothing to protect their rights. They did nothing to blow the whistle to tell me, you know, you shouldn’t be doing this, you’re carrying it too far, you should end this. And so again what it was is all of those people got involved in some way in the power of the situation.

Narrator: The power of the situation is illustrated in the real-life experiences of Terry Anderson and Tom Sutherland. From 1985 to 1991, they were hostages in Beirut, Lebanon. Much of the time they were blindfolded and confined in chains of more than 16 different prison locations during the course of their captivity.

Mr. Anderson: The Stanford Experiment was an experiment. We were in real-life and we could see very often where the situation had a power of its own. It exerted an influence over the behavior of the guards. One good example of that power of the situation I can remember in a particularly bad prison bad that we were in in an underground place with individual cells. It was very dirty. It was dark. There was water—it was damp, there was water running down the walls and rats and mice. And when we got there, the guards changed their behavior. They became more aggressive and more violent and angrier for no particular reason. We hadn’t changed our behavior. We had moved from a prison that wasn’t good but it was clean and stable into this very dark, damp, nasty place and they became nastier. There was a lot of abuse, physical abuse, and angry language and threats just because the situation we were in.

Mr. Sutherland: The young guards, when they first appeared, they would treat us more rationally and with more sympathy and they would say things like “You need anything?” One of them even would bring in a cardboard sheet and wafted up and down over his visit was hot in those cells. Same latitude as Atlanta, Georgia, and no ventilation. It was really hot, so he took

pity on us and would waft that on us the first week or two that he appeared. But then later he became probably the most abusive of all of those guards.

Guard in dramatization: You quiet, no word. Quiet. Prisoner in dramatization: Okay.

Mr. Sutherland: They learned from the older guards that this is how you’re supposed to be. You don’t show sympathy to these guys. They’re hostages. They don’t have any rights at all. Just do what you like with them.

Mr. Anderson: And supervision. There was nobody to tell them what they could or couldn’t do, other than obviously they weren’t supposed to kill us, because that would be self-defeating. A dead hostage isn’t any good to anybody. And they were young men. They obviously had little power over their own lives and suddenly they were given all this power over us, their enemy. And they abused it. Of course they did.

Narrator: The Stanford Prison Experiment and the experiences of Terry Anderson and Tom Sutherland illustrate the profound and extensive changes in behavior that can occur under extreme conditions. These examples serve as a reminder that all people, to varying degrees, are affected by their surroundings. Much of human behavior is influenced by the power of the situation. Our attitudes can affect our behavior and our behavior can affect our attitudes.

2023 This task first includes a section called “Hello SIT102”. It provides guided questions for you to explore the unit site materials and gain an understanding of the unit arrangement.

SIT102 Introduction to Programming

Pass Task 1.1: Hello SIT102 & Hello World


This task first includes a section called “Hello SIT102”. It provides guided questions for you to explore the unit site materials and gain understanding of the unit arrangement. It enables you to be familiar with the unit and your learning opportunity, and leads you to success in this unit.

Then, create a classic “Hello World” program as an installation tester in Part B of this task is your first step in software creation to ensure your device is programming/coding-ready. As this is your first task in the unit, the guidance in this tasksheet is very detailed covering almost all steps of activities in your week 1 class. It includes information that you can use to understand how to work with the Terminal. It would be good to read over these details as they help extend your understanding of building and executing programs, and give you tools to succeed with later tasks, as listed in Part B – Your Task section which aim to let you familiar with OnTrack submission and completeness processes. Future tasks will have relevant instructions and requirements, but they won’t have this level of details.

Submission Details and Your Intended Learning Achievements

For completing this task, you need to showcase the following achievements in your submission:

Section of this taskYour Intended Learning Achievements
Hello SIT102:your understanding of the unit and assessment information
Hello World:your proper implementation of the classic Hello World program, your executable, and your understanding of the software creation processes

Submit the following files to OnTrack as your task deliverables showcasing the above achievements:

·         PDF of your Answers to the questions available in the task resource (Download it from your OnTrack panel –  Resources.zip)

  • A screenshot of your program running in the Terminal
  • Hello World source code (the program.cpp file)

Submission Due

The due for each task has been stated via its OnTrack task information dashboard.

Page 1 of 12

Instructions for Part A: Hello SIT102 section

  1. Make sure you would have gone through SIT102 Unit Site >> Announcement: Welcome to SIT102 Introduction to Programming and its indicated contents, including the Unit Guide, Week 0 – Introduction (and Installation) for the essential details of unit information and assessment criteria.
  2. Navigate to SIT102 Unit Site >> Assessment >> Quizzes >> Hello SIT102 (OnTrack 1.1P – Part A requirements) (See below figures) where
    1. you are getting the questions of Hello SIT102,
    1. you are submitting your answers to it for system’s auto-marking in the unit site quiz tool,
    1. you are getting the screenshot of a full mark to showcase your understanding of the unit and assessment information.
Graphical user interface, application, chat or text message  Description automatically generated Graphical user interface, text, application, email  Description automatically generated

o Note: this Hello SIT102 (OnTrack 1.1P – Part A requirements) quiz has set up unlimited attempt for you to obtain a full mark. If you have gone through the unit information, you would be able to complete this part (all are Matching and MC questions) with a full mark in 15-20 minutes.

Figures: Parts of layout of SIT102 Unit Site >> Assessment >> Quizzes

  • Screenshot your full mark result. The screenshot should also include your name showing on it
    • The score for auto-mark sections will be available in unit site >> Assessment >> Quizzes in 1

– 2 minutes after your submission. Click the downward arrow next to the corresponding quiz item and select Submissions.

Graphical user interface, application  Description automatically generated
  • Then, you can reach this in the following page with your quiz’s auto-marked score
Graphical user interface, text, application, chat or text message  Description automatically generated

4.     Paste your screenshot to the given answer sheet WORD doc

  • Download answer sheet WORD doc from your OnTrack panel – Resources.zip).

o You may also want to jump to the section “Your Task” in this tasksheet to know more about OnTrack panel and resources.zip.

Instructions for Part B: Hello World (Start Programming!)

The first task includes the steps needed for you to install the tools you will need in this unit. You will then use these tools to create the classic “Hello World” program.

Setting up a folder

  1. Install the tools you need to get started and check the install instructions for your operating system:

Install build tools, VS Code for Linux Install Xcode tools, VS Code for MacOS

Install MSYS2, VS Code for Windows

  • Apart from your Week 1 Class activities, for week 1, here are walk-through videos in the unit site on how to start creating, compiling, and executing a Hello World classic program as the installation tester.

o   (You may have gone through this during Part A of this task) Unit Site > Unit Information

> Week 0 – Introduction and Installation

  • If you don’t already have one, make a directory (i.e., a folder) to store your code (e.g., Documents/Code). On a Deakin computer you may wish to use a directory on your student drive or a USB storage device.

Navigate to your Documents directory in Finder or File Explorer

Right click in the Documents directory and select New Folder, name it Code

Figure: Windows explorer showing code folder in Documents

Feel free to place this somewhere else on your computer if you want, but please avoid using spaces in the names of any of the folders. Spaces in names will make it hard to interact with from the Terminal as the terminal uses spaces to separate different parts of its commands.

  • Open your Terminal

For windows users, use your installed MSYS2 minGW x-bit app (in the above step 1), 64 or 32 bits depends on your OS version.

Figure: Illustration of a search for MSYS2 minGW x-bit app via Start Menu

For Mac users, use your installed Terminal app (obtained by the above step 1 Xcode installation), drilling down into the Utilities folder within Applications)

Figure: Illustration of a Utilities folder within Applications in MacOS

Now we have a folder in place, we need to switch to the Terminal to proceed. The Terminal is a program that gives you a command line interface to the computer. You type commands in, press enter, and the Terminal’s shell interprets the text you type and performs the actions you requested. Using the terminal and writing programs have many similarities, which makes the Terminal very useful for software developers. As a result there are many advanced programming tools that you can use from the Terminal. For the moment we will stick to the basics, but once you get started there is so much more you can do with this tool.

Figure: Example MSYS2 minGW 64-bit terminal window for windows users

Figure: Example Xcode Terminal window for Mac users

  • Navigate to your new folder using the cd command.

Within the terminal, your actions are centred upon a working directory. This then gives you easy and ready access to the files and other folders/directories that are located within the working directory. So, typically the first task you need to do is change the working directory. In this case we need to change into the Code directory you created in your Documents folder.

For example, on Windows this would be something like this, to cd into a folder on my C: drive in


Figure: Example of inputting a cd command in the Terminal

Give you one more example: If Andrew wants to cd into his folder based on the folder path,

, he would make use of the following cd command:

For Mac and Linux, it is a little easier as it includes a ~

shortcut to get to your home directory:

Your terminal is now using this as your working directory. You can check this using the command which asks for the present working directory.

Once you are in the right directory we can create a folder for the project and then initialise this to give us a C++ SplashKit project.

  • Create a directory (folder) and initialise your Hello World project folder using mkdir command. To create a HelloWorld directory within the Code folder you can just run command line,

as the terminal is currently in the             folder.

  • Now, navigate to that directory. You can use a shortcut by typing             then hit the tab key to auto-complete the folder name. Making use of this awesome feature will help save typing and

make you more productive. The command will be                               . Hit enter to run the command.

Like with the                command above, this is relative to the current working directory. So this will move into the HelloWorld folder in the Code folder, etc. File and folder names are relative to the current directory if they do not start with a tilde (~) or a forward slash (/). In these contexts, represents your home directory and       represents the root (start) of the file system.

Both        and          are also special identifiers,       represents the current directory and

represents the parent of the current directory. So if you ran directory, it would take you back to the Documents directory.

when you are in the Code

Run the following command to move into the HelloWorld folder, if you haven’t done so already.

  • To setup the project run the following command line in the terminal.

This gets SplashKit to initialise your project with the necessary dependencies. You should see an

include folder, a program.cpp and some associated project files under your project folder.

You could also run the following command to list files that the above skm command line has created:

The              tells the          (list) command to print the names in a list ( l ) in human readable format ( -h ) and to show all files ( -a ).)

Writing the Code

  1. Open Visual Studio Code and within it open your                                                                 folder. The                                                                 menu should allow you to                                                                 on Windows, or just                                                                         on Mac and Linux. You can then use a standard dialog to navigate to and select your                                                                                                                                                                   folder.

You should see something like the following when this works. You can open the program.cpp file by double clicking it in the list on the left.

Figure: VS Code showing initial project details

  • Update the code to include the statements that will write hello world to the terminal. The code is shown below (and shown in the previous screenshot).

C++ is case sensitive, so take care when typing this in. For example, if you call Main

instead of

it won’t work! This can be a bit of a pain when you get stared, but with care you will be


  • Save the program.cpp file, by selecting Save from the File menu or using the shortcut (ctrl+s or cmd+s for macOS).

That’s it. If you have typed this in correctly you have the code for your first program!

Notice the color highlighting in the editor, this is known as syntax highlighting. Code editors use knowledge of the rules of the programming language (their syntax) to color different words based on their meaning in the language. These highlights help you visualise the structure of your program, and make sure that you don’t have small typos in key words.

Compiling the Program

Now that you have the code, you need to get it into a format that the computer can use. There are many different tools that can be used to achieve this, but they can be generally categorised as either interpreters or compilers. An interpreter will read the program’s code and then give the computer the instructions it needs to carry out the requested action as it goes. A compiler will read all of the program’s code and then save the instructions for the computer into a separate executable file. When comparing compilers and interpreters, each has their own advantages and disadvantages. In general interpreters offer greater flexibility and can simplify the programming process, but are slower as they need to interpret the code as the program runs. In contrast, compilers are able to generate efficient code but are generally less dynamic.

The C++ programming language uses a compiler. The C++ compiler reads your code and produces an executable that you can run.

  1. Switch back to your Terminal, or open it again and        back into your project’s folder.
  • Check you are in the right current directory. You can use the following commands:

List the files in this directory using the ls command. This will print out the list of files and folders in the directory.

Print the working directory using the pwd command

  • Build your program code using the                   (or           ) command line tool:

This compiles your program.cpp code and generates a program called                                                                                                              by default

(               on Windows). You can change the name of the program it produces by passing an additional flag to the compiler. By adding you      are      telling      the       compiler       to output a program called                                    :

Page 9 of 12

  • Run the program by using its name so either a.out (a.exe on Windows) or HelloWorld (the name you have assigned to your program in the compilation process):

Your program should run, and you will see the message Hello World written to the Terminal.

Congratulations! You have written your first program. We will look at what all this code soon,but for the moment let’s take a look at how you can submit your work as required by this task for feedback.

Your Task

Besides the above program, submit the other required work for this 1.1P (as stated in page 1 of this tasksheet) to OnTrack

To finish off this task you now need to download the Task Resources from OnTrack. You will find the button to download these in the Task Details page, as shown below.

Figure: Download task resources

  1. Unzip the file, which in this case will contain a word document template for your answers.
  • Open the word document, and answer the questions within. You want to use these as a chance to demonstrate you have fully understood the actions you performed in the task. So in this case that relates to the use of the tools needed to compile and run a program.
  • When finished, save your work and keep a copy of this. You may need to fix and resubmit your answers if they are not adequate.
  • Next export a copy of the document to PDF. You can use Save As to save to PDF. You will need the PDF document to submit to OnTrack.

Submitting your work

Check that you are happy with your code and answers, and that you are ready to submit it to OnTrack for feedback.

  1. Login OnTrack, and go back into Task 1.1P.
  • Change the status of the task from Not yet Started / Working on It to Ready for Feedback
  • Check what files you will need to upload. In this case it includes the program’s code, answers PDF, as well as a screen shot of the running program.
  • Once ready, run your program and use the appropriate tools to get a screenshot. In Windows you can use Windows logo key + Shift + S to open Snipping Tool. In macOS you can use cmd+shift+4 to select an area for a screenshot.

In Ubuntu Linux, you can use the Unity Dash button and type the word screenshot in the search bar, or tools like Flameshot

  • Switch back to OnTrack and upload the required code, answers, and screenshot.

On the next screen you will need to align what you have done in the task to achieve unit learning outcome(s). This process helps you to reflect each of your programming work/task of the unit. Add a short reflective comment (around 50 words) to describe this, then move on to the next step.

In the last step you can add a comment to your OnTrack reviewer (tutor), let them know if there are any things youwant them to focus on. Remember professional communications could help you exchange ideas of the core knowledge covered in the unit.

  • Finally, upload…

The files will be uploaded to the server, which will convert them into a single PDF file that can be included in your portfolio. This file will be shown to your reviewer who will review it and get back to you shortly (in 5 business days) with some feedback.

Well done! You have submitted this first task! The last step is to complete your task…

Task Completeness

An essential part of this unit will be the interactions between you and your OnTrack reviewer (tutor) on your progress with the tasks and the development of your understanding of the associated concepts and skills. Once your reviewer has checked your task they will indicate you need to Discuss or Demonstrate this with them. This means your work looks good, but we want to discuss this with you to see how you are progressing with the ideas behind the code. Sometimes, you may also need to fix some minor issues in your task based on the feedback given by your reviewer, indicated by an OnTrack status, Resubmit. This is your opportunity to highlight what you have learnt, or to get feedback on aspects you would like some support with. When your resubmission and answers to the discussion/ demonstration are up to standard, in the next review cycle, your reviewer will sign off your task as Complete, as a process of building up your portfolio contents.

Note 1: These interactions/discussions/demonstrations must occur in order for you to be eligible to pass the unit. Please ensure that you are regularly engaging with your OnTrack reviewer to get your Pass tasks signed off by the end of a milestone. See unit guide for tasks and milestones details.

Note 2: While your reviewer will help you monitor your progress, in many cases they may need to refer you to other resources such as asking you to join a class/HelpHub session, read posts in discussion board, or revisit class resources for further assistance. Submissions in OnTrack are generally for work that you consider to be complete (or very close to it) with all requirements have been fulfilled. Otherwise, your reviewer will directly ask you to Redo the task with a resubmission. If you need help with a task, engage with the support services to help you make progress.

Note 3: If your task is given a Resubmit status, the task due date will be revised with a 5-day extension UP TO the task due date by OnTrack system giving you time to improve your task. Please check the updated due in the task Information panel.

Note 4: You are highly recommended to submit you work as early as possible as back and forth communications on your tasks will be needed after your submission and before the due (Please be noted: OnTrack turn-around time is about 5 business days).

In the last iteration approaching the due (if your task has not yet been signed off due to some of the task requirements have not yet been fulfilled), your reviewer will do the review and give feedback to your latest on-time submission in 5 business days following the due date. The on- time submission will be signed-off at that time if it is up to the standard. Otherwise you have to make sure your work is then well fixed and get the task signed off by the corresponding milestone as one of the passing requirements for this unit.

2023 PSY 257 Final Project I Milestone Two Guidelines and Rubric

PSY 257 Final Project I Milestone Two Guidelines and Rubric

Overview: For Final Project Part I in this course, you will examine research presented in the course for how social psychology has changed, and investigate a potential gap in the research that has not been addressed. This project will allow you to foster and improve your skills at reading, interpreting, and writing psychological works. It will also help you to learn your place within the field and how to combine both your personal perspective and opinions with established, empirical research to make original claims. The final project is meant for you to propose a hypothetical study. You are not and should not be conducting human subjects research for this project. It is not necessary for the purposes of this assignment. All human subjects research requires written approval from the SNHU COCE Institutional Review Board in order to protect the welfare and ensure ethical treatment of the subjects.

For this milestone, due in Module Five, you will participate in a discussion in which you develop a research study design in preparation for your final research investigation. You will also assist your classmates in refining their own proposed study. The research design you complete for this milestone will build on the literature review you prepared as Milestone One in Module Three. These two components will then be polished for your final research investigation, due in Module Seven.

Prompt: First, review your initial thoughts on research design from the Module Two research design discussion and the information you compiled for the Research Gap Worksheet task in Module Four.

Next, submit your completed Research Gap Worksheet in the milestone discussion topic by Thursday. You will then engage in a discussion and critique the advantages and disadvantages of the research studies of your classmates, while also receiving feedback about your own proposed study. Consider particularly how your research will support further exploration of the topic of social psychology that you have been exploring and, in your initial post to the discussion, address the following:

  • What research design are you proposing to address your research question? Explain your reasoning for choosing it. Why is it appropriate?
  • How have you built upon the initial research design ideas you came up with in the Module Two discussion?
  • What new elements are you adding to your research design based on the Module Four Research Gap Worksheet activity?
  • How will your research design be implemented?
  • How will you account for any issues of ethics in your proposed research question?

Be sure to support your posts and response posts with examples from the resources and activities presented in the course.

You must respond to at least two of your classmates. In critiquing their proposed studies, consider the strengths and limitations of their proposed study. Support your critique with examples from your own analysis of research design presented in the course.

For this milestone discussion, you are required to post one initial post and to follow up with at least two response posts.

For or your initial post (1), you must do the following:

  • Compose a post of one to two paragraphs.
  • Complete the initial post by Thursday at 11:59 p.m. of your local time zone.

For your response posts (2), you must do the following:

  • Reply to at least two different classmates outside of your own initial post thread.
  • Complete the two response posts by Sunday 11:59 p.m. of your local time zone.
  • Demonstrate more depth and thought than simply stating that “I agree” or “You are wrong.”


Guidelines for Submission: Written components must be in 12-point Times New Roman font, with one-inch margins and any citations in APA format.

Critical ElementsProficient (100%)Needs Improvement (70%)Not Evident (0%)Value
ComprehensionDevelops an initial post proposing a research design with a point of view or idea using adequate organization and detailDevelops an initial post proposing a research design with a point of view or idea but with some gaps in organization and detailDoes not develop an initial post proposing a research design with an organized point of view or idea40
TimelinessSubmits initial post on timeSubmits initial post one day lateSubmits initial post two or more days late10
EngagementProvides relevant response posts with some explanation and detailProvides somewhat relevant response posts with some explanation and detailProvides response posts that are generic with little explanation or detail30
Writing (Mechanics)Writes posts that are easily understood using proper citation methods where applicable with few errors in citationsWrites posts that are understandable using proper citation methods where applicable with a number of errors in citationsWrites posts that others are not able to understand and does not use proper citation methods where applicable20

SOC 326 Final Project 2023 Rubric: Select a behavior that is currently considered deviant by the wider society.

SOC 326: Project Guidelines and Grading Guide


The final project for this course is the creation of an 8- to 10-page double-spaced paper using Word format. The project involves analyzing an act that is currently deviant and developing a justification for its reclassification as a non-deviant act, using theories and concepts from the class. The final product represents an authentic demonstration competency, because it requires a synthesis of course material and allows students to activate their sociological imagination. The project is divided in to four milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Two, Four, Five, and Seven.

Main Elements

Select a behavior that is currently considered deviant by the wider society. A list of suggested topics follows the instructions.

Part 1: Classification as Deviant

Identify an act that is currently deviant and explain how or why it is deviant. This can be a criminal act such as illicit drug use or a noncriminal act such as extreme body modification. Describe the history of the behavior and the historical reactions to this act. What are the reactions or sanctions to this act that currently exist? What are the arguments in favor of the behavior remaining deviant?

Part 2: Reclassification as Non-Deviant

Provide arguments for why the deviant behavior should be reclassified as non-deviant. What are the arguments in favor of the behavior no longer being considered deviant? What are the manifest and latent functions (anticipated and unanticipated outcomes) that may occur socially or culturally?

For this project, students are required to use the course text, as well as at least five outside sources such as books, journals, newspapers, magazines, official websites, and documentaries from reliable sources. Provide statistics and specific examples to support statements.

Citations: When using a resource, be sure to cite using APA format. The following website provides a formatting and style guide that you may find helpful: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/. Even if you paraphrase, credit needs to be given to the author or the work. It is important to distinguish for the reader those words and ideas that are original and those that belong to another source. Failure to cite and duplication (the submission of the same or similar paper in more than one course) may result in a failing grade.

Topic Ideas (Note, students are not limited to the following topics. These are merely suggestions.) Body modification

Cage fighting

Card counting


Gypsy travelers

Eating habits that are viewed as deviant Family bed or co-sleeping


Human cloning Illegal drugs Nudism Obesity

Organ selling

Performance enhancing drugs and techniques Physician assisted suicide

Polygamy Promiscuity Prostitution Sex tourism

Sex work (nude dancing, phone sex, pornography, etc.) Tanning (currently under fire, especially among teens) Tobacco Use


Milestone One: Proposal for Reclassification of Deviance Project


In 2-3: Final Project: Milestone One: Proposal for Reclassification of Deviance Project, you will submit a one-page proposal that identifies the topic of study, provides a working title, and contains a thesis statement.

The format should be a one-page, double-spaced paper, submitted in Module Two. Proposals will not be graded, but feedback will be provided.

Milestone Two: Annotated Bibliography

In 4-4 Final Project: Milestone Two: Annotated Bibliography, you will submit an annotated bibliography that includes a description and evaluation of relevant sources. Briefly describe in a paragraph for each source why and how the source may be used in the paper. Students are required to use the course text, as well as at least five outside sources such as books, journals, newspapers, magazines, official websites, and documentaries from reliable sources.

The format should be in APA and the work should be submitted in Module Four. The annotated bibliography will consist of 5% of the overall project grade. Milestone Three: Rough Draft

In 5-2 Final Project: Milestone Three: Rough Draft, you will submit a rough draft of the final project. The format should be at least four pages, typed, double- spaced, and submitted in Module Five. Rough drafts will not be graded, but feedback will be provided. Submission of a rough draft is required in order for the final draft to be graded.

Milestone Four: Final Product

In 7-3 Final Project: Milestone Four: Final Product, you will submit a final draft. It should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the main elements of the final product. It should reflect the incorporation of feedback gained throughout the course. This milestone will be graded using the Final Product Rubric.

Deliverable Milestones

MilestoneDeliverablesModule DueGrading
1ProposalTwoNot graded separately
2Annotated BibliographyFourGraded separately; Annotated Bibliography Rubric
3Rough Draft of Final ProductFiveNot graded separately; Submission of rough draft is required in order for final draft to be graded
4Final ProductSevenGraded separately; Final Product Rubric


Requirements of submission: Written components of projects must follow these formatting guidelines when applicable: double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and discipline-appropriate citations. Projects should consist of 8-10 pages not including cover page and resources.

Critical ElementsExemplary (100%)Proficient (85%)Needs Improvement (55%)Not Evident (0%)Value
Main ElementsIncludes almost all of the main elements and requirements and cites multiple examples to illustrate each elementIncludes most of the main elements and requirements and cites many examples to illustrate each elementIncludes some of the main elements and requirementsDoes not include any of the main elements and requirements25
Inquiry and AnalysisExplores multiple issues through extensive collection and in-depth analysis of evidence to make informed conclusionsExplores some issues through collection and in-depth analysis of evidence to make informed conclusionsExplores minimal issues through collection and analysis of evidence to make informed conclusionsDoes not explore issues through collection and analysis of evidence and does not make informed conclusions20
Integration and ApplicationAll of the course concepts are correctly appliedMost of the course concepts are correctly appliedSome of the course concepts are correctly appliedDoes not correctly apply any of the course concepts10
Critical ThinkingDemonstrates comprehensive exploration of issues and ideas before accepting or forming an opinion or conclusionDemonstrates moderate exploration of issues and ideas before accepting or forming an opinion or conclusionDemonstrates minimal exploration of issues and ideas before accepting or forming an opinion or conclusionDoes not demonstrate exploration of issues and ideas before accepting or forming an opinion or conclusion20
ResearchIncorporates many scholarly resources effectively that reflect depth and breadth of researchIncorporates some scholarly resources effectively that reflect depth and breadth of researchIncorporates very few scholarly resources that reflect depth and breadth of researchDoes not incorporate scholarly resources that reflect depth and breadth of research15
Writing (Mechanics/Citations)No errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citationsMinor errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citationsSome errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citationsMajor errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citations10

MISY 341 Exam 2: Starling Electronics Profit Analysis Spring 2023

MISY 341 Exam 2: Starling Electronics Profit Analysis Spring 2023

Starling Electronics sells various electronic devices and support materials ranging from HD TVs to wall mounts for the TVs. Merchandise is divided into 6 categories based on profit margin (profit margin for each category is given in parentheses): TV & Video (25%), Cameras & Camcorders (15%), Audio (11%), Game Systems (20%), Gadgets (9%), and Support Hardware (20%). Last year’s sales data has been collected for the Baltimore and Philadelphia stores as shown in Table 1. The Company asks you to create a worksheet for each store and the entire company for profit analysis purposes.

Table 1 2020 Sales for Baltimore and Philadelphia Stores of Starling Electronics

TV & Video345215822156
Cameras & Camcorders140135255812
Game Systems4612558012
Support Hardware1523534921

Use the concepts and techniques presented in Excel chapters, especially Chapter 5, to design an Excel workbook to fulfill the company’s requirements with t data given above:

  1. (15 points) Your finished workbook should contain 3 worksheets: one for the Baltimore store, one for the Philadelphia store, and one Consolidated worksheet consolidating the 2 stores’ data for the entire company. Each worksheet must have its appropriate sheet tab name (instead of just Sheet 1, Sheet 2, etc.) and tab color; each worksheet should have proper title, subtitle, column headings, row headings, and a date.
  • (55 points) Each worksheet should include the relevant sales, profit margins, and profits for the 6 merchandise categories. Sales and profit margins are given, and profits should be calculated as follows: Profit for a category = sales x profit margin. Total sales and total profits should also be calculated using the SUM function on each worksheet. The same profit margins should be used on all the 3 worksheets. More specifically,
    • (30 points) The worksheet for each store must include the following data: the given sales and profit margins data for the corresponding store; the calculated profit for each merchandise category in the store; and finally, the calculated total sales and total profits for the store, respectively. Most importantly, the Baltimore worksheet should only have the data for the

Baltimore store, and the Philadelphia worksheet should only have the Philadelphia store data.

The two totals should be calculated using the SUM function.

  • (25 points) Similarly, the Consolidated worksheet should have the exact same number of columns and rows, style, and structure as the other 2 stores’ worksheets: i.e., the consolidated worksheet for the entire company should include consolidated sales data for each category, the given profit margins, calculated profit for each merchandise category, and calculated total sales and total profitsfor the company, respectively. Regarding the consolidated sales for each category, you should not repeat and type in the data from the individual stores; instead, you should use 3-D cell references in your formulas to link to the sales data on the Baltimore and Philadelphia worksheets (Hint: Similar to what you did for the 2017 column on the Consolidated worksheet in Excel Chapter 5, pages EX 272 – EX 275). As an example, on the Consolidated worksheet, the TV & Video sales for the entire company should equal to the sum of the TV & Video sales from the Baltimore and the Philadelphia worksheets. The same logic applies to the other categories. The profits, total sales, and total profits should be calculated in the exact same way as the other 2 stores’ worksheets and do not require the use of 3-D cell references.
  • (30 points) Consistent formatting needs to be applied across all the 3 worksheets:
    • (10 points) Your designed layouts, styles and formatting need to be consistent, very clear and straightforward across all the worksheets.
    • (10 points) All the data, texts, and dates need to be formatted professionally and consistently across all the worksheets; in addition, each worksheet should print nicely on one page when needed.
    • (10 points) At the same time, each worksheet must have its own title, subtitle, distinctive color, header, and footer as you see appropriate so that each store can be easily identified while being a part of the same company. You should not use colors or fonts that are difficult to read.

Save your Excel workbook with a file name of YourLastName_Exam 2 and submit it through the Exam 2_EA within the Week #7 folder under Weekly Assignments on Blackboard. Make sure you submit the correct file.

The total possible points for this exam are 100. The grading will be based on the above requirements 1- 3, which cover layout design, data, formula, and formatting.

Students are expected to work individually and come up with significantly different designs. Same or very similar solutions from different students are considered plagiarism, and all the related parties will receive a grade of “0” on the exam. Serious cases will result in a final “F” grade for the class.

Should you have any questions or need clarifications, please do not hesitate to ask. This exam is due by

March 19, Sunday.

MISY 341 Exam 1: Sales Projection for BBasics Spa Products Spring 2023

MISY 341 Exam 1: Sales Projection for BBasics Spa Products Spring 2023

You have been asked to create a 5-year sales projection worksheet for BBasics Spa Products to show the company’s annual growth for the next five years. The data you will need is given in Table 1:

Table 1 B Basics Spa Products Sales Projection Data with Assumptions

Based on the concepts and skills presented in Excel Chapters 1-3 (especially, Excel Chapter 3), create a sales projection Excel worksheet with a 3-D pie chart using the data from Table 1.

  • To complete the worksheet, you will need to use the following formulas:

1)     Sales = Prior Year’s Sales * (1 + Annual Growth Rate)

  • Cost of Goods (use IF function):

If Annual Growth Rate is negative, Cost of Goods = Sales * (Annual Cost Rate + Premium)

Otherwise (i.e., if Annual Growth Rate is not negative), Cost of Goods = Sales * Annual Cost Rate.

3)     Gross Margin = Sales – Cost of Goods

  • The values in the Totals column should be calculated using the SUM function.
  • Use a 3-D pie chart to illustrate the contribution of each year’s gross margin to the total gross margin.
  • At last, use Goal Seek to determine the Year 3 Annual Growth Rate that will generate a Total Gross Margin of $7,500,000 for five years. Save the goal seeking results.

The grading rubric in the following provides more detailed requirements for the completed workbook, and please make sure you follow all the instructions:

Consider This: Plan Ahead GuidelinesDetailed InstructionsPoints AvailablePoints Earned
1. Determine the workbook structure. 10 
a) Determine the layout of your data on the worksheetThe design of the worksheet layout should be very clear and easy to follow.3 
b) Determine the layout of the assumptions table on the worksheet.Students can set off the Assumptions from the Sales Projection as a separate table or can keep them together as presented in Table 1.2 
c) Determine the location and features of the chart.Chart can be located on the same worksheet as the data, or on a separate chart sheet.Chart should be a 3-D pie chart.5 
2. Create the worksheet 35 
a) Enter titles, subtitles, and headings.Title, subtitles, and row and column headings should reflect the content of the project as described in Table 1.5 
b) Enter data, functions, and formulas.All calculations/formulas should use proper cell references rather than actual constant values.The calculation of the Sales figure for Year 1 should reference “Prior year’s sales” given in the Assumptions area/table. All following years should reference prior year.Students should successfully translate the given general calculations/formulas to their Excel equivalents.Annual Growth Rate, Annual Cost Rate, and Premium should be entered as Percentages.30 
3. Format the worksheet 20 
a) Format titles, subtitles, and headings.Students should make use of cell styles and formatting to make headings stand out from row/column data. Title and subtitle should be formatted to stand out from the rest of the worksheet.Assumptions table/section title and headings should be formatted to stand out from table body, and to be distinct from the main data.4 
b) Format the numbers as necessary.Financial data should be formatted professionally and consistently across the entire worksheet.$ signs should not appear for every financial entry, but for first and last rows only.Annual Growth Rate, Annual Cost Rate, and Premium should be formatted as Percentages. The percentage formatting needs to be consistent.Appropriate formatting will produce values that right align in all columns.Students should not use fonts or colors that are very hard to read (e.g., white font color over a light yellow background is a bad choice).10 
c) Format the text.Any additional text entries should use consistent formatting as presented in Chapters 1-3.1 
d) Format the sheet tab(s), add header and footer, and set the worksheet to one page for printThe worksheet (and the chart sheet if students inserted the chart on a separate sheet) is (are) renamed, and tab color is added to the sheet tab(s).Add proper Header and Footer to the worksheet.Change the page settings so that the data will print on one page, or the data and chart together will print on one page if the chart is inserted into the same worksheet with data.5 
4. Create and use charts 25 
a) Select data to chart.Students should successfully select the Year1- Year 5 headings, and the Year1 – Year 5 Gross Margin data.5 
b) Select a chart type for selected data.Students should select the 3-D Pie Chart. A chart style can be applied.5 
c) Format the chart elements.The formatting should include a clear chart title, proper data labels, and a legend.Students may include any other chart features they deem necessary.The chart should be easy to understand and interpret.15 
5. Perform what-if analyses. 10 
a) Use Goal Seek to determine how to adjust a variable value to reach a particular goal or outcome.Successful use of Goal Seek to determine the Year 3 Annual Growth Rate that generates a Total Gross Margin of $7,500,000.Save the goal seeking results. (An example of goal seeking can be found in Chapter 3 starting from page EX 168.) Students’ final submitted files should show the goal seeking results.10 

Save your file with a file name of YourLastName_Exam 1 and submit it through the Exam 1 link within the Week #4 folder under Weekly Assignments on Blackboard; please make sure you save and close your finished Excel file before attaching it.

The total possible points for this exam are 100. The grading will be based on the above grading rubric.

Students are required to work independently on the exams. Different students are expected to come up with very different designs, layouts, styles, formats, etc. Same or very similar solutions from different students are considered plagiarism, and all the related parties will receive 0 point.

Should you have any questions or need clarifications, please do not hesitate to ask. Exam 1 is due by March 2, Thursday.

2013 Good day please let me know if what I was trying to say

2023 Foreign Languages Essay Answers

2013 Good day please let me know if what I was trying to say – essayanswers.org


Good day, please, let me know if what I was trying to say (which is in red, in English), is what I ended up saying, In Spanish (which is in Purple).


If corrections have to be made, please, make the appropriate corrections and send me the correct version, prior to 9:00PM – EST, today.


I expect that this Correction Assignment will be completed in a professional manner, while complying with All Spanish Grammar Rules.


Thank you very much

Entre Los Amigos / Among Friends

1.      Hace unos días yo estaba planeando para inscribirse en el ejército de EE.UU., como un traductor rumano. Sin embargo, me dijeron que antes de inscribirse, hay que completar un examen médico en el consultorio de un médico. En consecuencia, he programado una cita con el doctor Ortega. Hoy, mientras que en mi camino al consultorio del Dr. Ortega, me encontré con Emilio, un amigo viejo, a quien no he visto en mucho tiempo.  

A few days ago I was planning to join the US Army, as a Romanian translator. However, they said that before signing up, you must complete a medical examination in a doctor’s office. Consequently, I scheduled an appointment with Dr. Ortega. Today, while on my way to Dr. Ortega’s medical cabinet (consultorio), I met Emilio, an old friend whom I have not seen in a long time.  

2.      Dan: Increíble. ¡Qué sorpresa Emilio! No te he visto desde casi diez años.  

Dan: Incredible. What a surprise Emilio! I have not seen you for almost ten years.                               

3.      Emilio: Increíble, hecho. ¿Cómo estás, Dan? ¿Qué haces en Atlanta?

Emilio: Incredible, indeed. How are you, Dan? What are you doing in Atlanta?     

4.      Dan: Me mudé aquí hace unos años, junto con toda mi familia. ¿Y tú? ¿También vives en Atlanta?           

Dan: I moved here a few years ago, along with my whole family. And you? Do you also live in Atlanta?                                                                                                                     

5.      Emilio: No. Me vine a Atlanta por tan sólo unas semanas, para seguir con un tratamiento prescrito por el doctor Ortega, un amigo viejo. ¿Y tu, Dan?  ¿Adónde fuiste?     

            Emilio: No. I came to Atlanta for just a few weeks, to continue the treatment prescribed by Dr. Ortega, an old friend. And you, Dan? Where did you go?    

6.      Dan:¡Qué interesante! Voy a la consultorio médical del Doctor Ortega, también. Puedo ver que tienes la mano derecha enyesada. ¿Qué te paso? ¿Tuviste un accidente?               

            Dan: How interesting! I go to the medical cabinet of Dr. Ortega, too. I can see that you have your right hand in a cast. What happened? Have you had an accident?

7.      Emilio:. Sí, Hace casi dos meses, he enviado mensajes de texto mientras se conduce y golpear a otro coche, mientras que no lleve el cinturón de seguridad. Lo sé, lo sé, que era una estupidez, pero lo he hecho, no obstante. Llamado inmediatamente a mi amigo, Doctor Ortega. Él aceptó a verme, y corrió unos exámenes médicos, incluyendo un gato-scan en la cabeza, y unos rayos X en la mano derecha. Después de sacarse unas radiografías Doctor Ortega me recetó muy fuerte medicación para mi dolor en la mano derecha.      

Emilio: Yes, almost two months ago, I sent text messages while driving, and hit another car, while not wearing my seat belt. I know, I know, it was stupid, but I have done it, nonetheless. Immediately, I called my friend, Doctor Ortega. He agreed to see me, and he ran some medical tests, including a cat-scan on my head, and an X-ray on my right hand. After the X-rays have been completed, Doctor Ortega prescribed me a very strong medication for my pain in my right (broken) hand.                                                                                                                              

8.      Dan: Lo siento mucho para ver que había que ir a través de todos estos problemas, pero estoy muy contenta de que teníamos una oportunidad de reunirse entre sí. ¿Por cuánto tiempo tú vas a estar en Atlanta? Tal vez, podamos encontrarnos nuevamente, antes de que vuelves a Nueva York, pero con nuestros cónyuges, también.  

Dan: I’m sorry to see that you had to go through all these problems, but I’m very glad we had an opportunity to meet each other. How long you’ll be in Atlanta? Perhaps we can meet again before they return to New York, but with our spouses, too.        

9.      Emilio: Lo siento, Dan, pero tengo que volver a Nueva York esta noche. Ya compré los billetes de avión. Sin embargo, voy a tener que volver dentro de un mes, para tener el doctor Ortega despegar el elenco de la mano derecha. Tal vez podemos ver entre sí, entonces.

Emilio: Sorry, Dan, but I have to return to New York tonight. I have already purchased the plane tickets. However, I will have to come back in about a month, to have Doctor Ortega taking off the cast from my right hand.  Perhaps we can see each other, then.   

10.  Dan: De acuerdo, Emilio. Llegar nuestro cordial saludo a tu familia. Adiós, Emilio.

Dan: Okay, Emilio. Send our warm greetings to your family. Goodbye, Emilio.     

11.  Emilio:  ¡Hasta la vista! Fue un placer hablar contigo. Adiós, Dan.  

Emilio: See you later. It was a pleasure talking to you. Goodbye, Dan.                               

12.  Lo bueno es que me fui de mi casa temprano para mi cita médica con el Doctor Ortega. Por lo tanto, no voy a llegar tarde a pesar del hecho de que he hablado durante unos minutos con mi amigo Emilio. Mientras que llegué a la consulta del médico, el Doctor Ortega me invitó dentro de su consultorio y me preguntó estas preguntas:

Good thing I left my home early for my appointment with Dr. Ortega. Therefore, I will not be late despite the fact that I spoke for a few minutes with my friend Emilio. As I got to the doctor, Dr. Ortega invited me into his medical office and asked these questions:

13.  El doctor Ortega: Su nombre, por favor.

Doctor Ortega: Your name, please.                                                                                       

14.  Dan: Mi nombre es Dan Bogdan       

Dan: My name is Dan Bogdan                                                                                              

15.  El doctor Ortega: ¿Eres alérgico a algún medicamento?

Doctor Ortega: Are you allergic to any medications?                                                

16.  Dan: Por lo que yo sé, no; pero, no tomo ningún medicamento.

            Dan: As far as I know, no; but I do not take any medication.                                              

17.  El doctor Ortega: ¿Le duele algo?     

            Doctor Ortega: Are you in pain?                                                                               

18.  Dan: Me caí de mi bicicleta, y sufrió algunas lesiones, hace apenas dos días. Me duele el tobillo. ¿Es posible, que tengo esguince de tobillo, doctor Ortega?         

            Dan: I fell off my bike and suffered some injuries, just two days ago. My ankle hurts. Is it possible, I have a sprained ankle, Dr. Ortega?                            

19.  El doctor Ortega: Sí. El lugar más común para un esguince es un tobillo. Un esguince de tobillo puede ocurrir cuando caes de la bicicleta. Sin embargo, la gravedad de un esguince de tobillo depende de qué tanto se estiraron o desgarraron los ligamentos.

            Doctor Ortega: Yes, The most common place for a sprain, is an ankle. An ankle sprain can occur when you fall off your bike. However, the severity of an ankle sprain depends on how much the ligaments are stretched or torn.  

20.  El doctor Ortega: ¿Hay algo más acerca de su médical historia que necesito saber?

Doctor Ortega: Is there anything else about your medical story I need to know?                

21.  Dan: Sí, Doctor Ortega. Hace dos años, me rompí la pierna, mientras estaba trabajando en el techo de mi casa. Porque llovió, me resbalé y caí de la escalera. Después caí, he tenido un enorme dolor en la rodilla derecha. Me dije muchas veces que necesito ir al médico a ver a mi pierna y mi rodilla. Sin embargo, no he visto a un médico con respecto a este asunto, el antes de ir a usted.           

Dan: Yes, Doctor Ortega. Two years ago, I broke my leg while I was working on the roof of my house. Because it rained, I slipped and fell off the ladder. After I fell, I had a huge pain in the right knee. I said many times that I need to go to the doctor, to have the doctor seeing my leg and my knee. However, I have not seen a doctor regarding this subject, before coming to you.                                                                                       

22.  El doctor Ortega: ¿Aún te duele la pierna/rodilla?    

                Doctor Ortega: Does your knee still hurts?                                                                          

23.  Dan: La pierna no duele más, pero la rodilla todavía me duele de vez en cuando. ¿Existe algún medicamento que puede ayudar a mi dolor de rodilla?         

                Dan: The leg does not hurt anymore, but the knee still hurts from time to time. Are there any medications that can help me with my knee pain?    

24.  El doctor Ortega: Sí. Voy a escribir una receta para su dolor de rodilla. Tendrá que tomarlo tres veces al día, después de comer, ¿de acuerdo? Además, yo os haré una referencia para tomar radiografías de la rodilla.        

            Doctor Ortega: Yes. I will write a prescription for your knee pain. You will have to take three times a day, after lunch, okay? In addition, I will give you a reference to have an x-ray done on your knee.                                                                                   

25.  Dan: Muchas gracias por la consultation médical del hoy.

            Dan: Thank you very much for the medical consultation of today.                                      

26.  El doctor Ortega: Por supuesto. Déjame saber si su dolor no disminuye en los próximos días, después de tomar la medicación prescrita.


             Dr. Ortega: Of course. Let me know if your pain does not diminish in the coming days, after taking the prescribed medication.

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2013 Tarea 5 Rewrite each sentence by replacing the direct object in quotation marks

2023 Foreign Languages Essay Answers

2013 Tarea 5 Rewrite each sentence by replacing the direct object in quotation marks – essayanswers.org

Tarea 5
Rewrite each sentence by replacing the direct object in quotation marks with a direct object pronoun [me, te, lo, la, nos, los, las].

No conozco “al jefe del departamento.” –> No lo conozco.

Esa compañía vende “casas nuevas”. (1 point)

–Answer below:

.Characters Palette


Su secretario escribe “los puntos importantes”. (1 point)

–Answer below:

.Characters Palette


Nuestro director sabe “la verdad”. (1 point)

–Answer below:

.Characters Palette


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2013 Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses One of the verbs will

2023 Foreign Languages Essay Answers

2013 Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses One of the verbs will – essayanswers.org

Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs in parentheses. One of the verbs will remain in the infinitive.

  1. Mi familia y yo  (vivir) en Mérida, Yucatán.
  2. Tengo muchos libros. Me gusta  (leer).
  3. Mi hermano Alfredo es muy inteligente. Alfredo  (asistir) a clases los lunes, miércoles y viernes.
  4. Los martes y jueves, Alfredo y yo  (correr) en el Parque del Centenario.
  5. Mis padres  (comer) mucha lasaña los domingos y se quedan dormidos (they fall asleep).
  6. Yo  (creer) que (that) mis padres deben comer menos (less)

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2013 Escribe la palabra adecuada para cada definici n 1 fen meno natural en el que se ilumina el cielo cuando

2023 Foreign Languages Essay Answers

2013 Escribe la palabra adecuada para cada definici n 1 fen meno natural en el que se ilumina el cielo cuando – essayanswers.org

Escribe la palabra adecuada para cada definición.

1 fenómeno natural en el que se ilumina el cielo cuando hay una tormenta:

2 reptil de cuerpo largo y estrecho (narrow) que muchas veces es venenoso: 

3 largo período de tiempo sin lluvias: 

4  extensión de tierra donde no suele llover:

5  fenómeno natural que se produce cuando se mueve la tierra bruscamente (abruptly):

6 animal feroz considerado el rey de la selva:

7 contrario de “húmedo”:

8 ruido producido en las nubes por una descarga eléctrica: 

9 serie de montañas: 

10  fuego grande que puede destruir casas y campos: 

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